Per the three works contained con this tomo, written mediante 1797–8, Bentham offers verso detailed exposition of his plan for the reform of the English poor laws. Durante ‘Pauper Direzione Improved’ and the closely related ‘Situation and Relief of the Poor’ and ‘Outline of verso sistema entitled Pauper Gestione Improved’, Bentham proposes the provision of poor relief durante 250 Panopticon Industry Houses, each accommodating 2,000 people, owned and managed by verso joint-deposito company, the National Charity Company. The dependent poor were puro be occupied primarily sopra the production of their own subsistence, while the Company’s viability depended on the indenture until the age of 21 of a rapidly expanding number of children, whose correlative productivity would ciclocampestre-subsidize the provision of relief onesto the sick and the elderly. Bentham presents his Principles of Dirigenza (all intended esatto unite interest with duty), proposes the provision of Appropriate Establishments for people with disabilities (intended onesto enhance their productivity, and thereby their life-chances), describes the educational syllabus sicuro be provided onesto pauper children, and compares the incomplete strengths and weaknesses of public versus private provision of relief. The texts are fully annotated with textual and historical notes, and the volume is completed with detailed subject and name indices.
The Correspondence of Jeremy Bentham
The Bentham Project has so far produced twelve volumes of Bentham’s correspondence, publishing all known letters up sicuro June 1828. The thirteenth and fourteenth volumes currently in preparation will complete the series, ending with Bentham’s death in 1832.
Colonies, Commerce, and Constitutional Law is per major theoretical analysis of the harmful effects of colonies on commerce and constitiutional democracy, and is one of the most important studies of colonialism written con the nineteenth century. It contains Bentham’s essays entitled ‘Emancipation Spanish’, ‘Rid Yourselves of Ultramaria’, ‘Summary of a Work Intitled Emancipate Your Colonies’, and ‘Observations on the Restrictive and Prohibitory Commercial System’.
Bentham addresses the relationship between different ‘aspects’ of the legislator’s will, such as command, prohibition, and permission, and per so doing develops a ‘logic of the will’ which anticipates modern deontic logic
Of the Limits of the Penal Branch of Jurisprudence, written per 1780–2, is a continuation of An Introduction puro the Principles of Morals and Legislation, and thus part of the introduction esatto the projected penal code on which Bentham worked durante the late 1770s and early 1780s. The rete di emittenti emerged from Bentham’s attempt puro distinguish between civil and penal law, which led him into an exposition of the nature and scope of an individual law and an analysis of such key legal terms as power, duty, right, property, contract, and conveyance.
The writings collected sopra this volume make an important prime sicuro The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham. They lend credence preciso Bentham’s claim that his ideas were appropriate `for the use of all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions’. The essays, dating mainly from late 1822 and early 1823, are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have not been previously published.
Per the essays presented mediante this volume Bentham lays down the theoretical principles from which he develops his proposals for reform of the English poor laws in response to the perceived crisis mediante poor relief in the mid 1790s. Sopra `Essays on the subject of the Poor Laws’ koko app Bentham seeks onesto justify the principles upon which entitlement esatto relief should be grounded. He moved beyond the commonplace indictment of idelness and cocktail preciso recognize that unemployment, ill health, old age, pregnancy and childbirth constituted a standing threat puro the viability of the families of the rural poor. He envisaged the provision of medical care, and of ante- and post natal services onesto the independent poor, and the establishment of midwifery schools per a national system of workhouses. Per `Pauper Systems Compared’ he presents per sustained comparison between home relief and institutional relief, to the detriment of the former, above all for its severance of the link between subsistence and labour. He believed that his panopticon poor houses, whilst centrally scenes of laborious industry, would also be havens of hygiene, cleanliness and good order. The polemical `Observations on the Poor Bill’ is per lively critique of the Bill introduced into the House of Commons by William Pitt per 1796. The ideas advanced here by Bentham were verso significant influence on Edwin Chadwick, and through his mediation, on the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. The essays are based almost entirely on manuscript sources, and are published here for the first time sopra definitive form.